Latin name: Saraca Asoca
Common name: Asoka, Hempushpa
English name: Asoka
Habitat: Cultivated throughout India
especially in central and eastern Himalayas,
Western Ghats and Deccan.
Macroscopic identification: Bark channeled,
externally dark green to greenish gray: smooth
with circular lenticels and transversely ridged,
internally reddish brown.
Parts used: bark, seed and flower.
Action and uses in Ayurveda: asrigdara,
apachan, daha, raktadosa, sotha, hrid roga
Indications: bark is strongly astringent
and uterine sedative. It acts directly upon
muscular fibers of the uterus. It has a stimulating
effect on the endometrium and ovarian tissue.
Properties and action:
Rasa: kasaya, tikta
Guna: laghu, ruksha
Karma: grahi, varnya, hrdya, sothahara,
Preparations: powder, ghrita, decoction,
Therapeutic classification index:
- Central nervous system: both decoction
and juice of Asoka Chhal are used in hysteria.
- Blood and haemopoeitic tissue: bark
is useful in internal bleeding hemorrhoids
and also hemorrhagic dysentery. It is haemostyptic.
- Digestive system: in powder form
it is used in abdominal discomfort. It
also helps in deworming.
- Genito-urinary system: bark is useful
in uterine affections, especially in menorrhagia
due to uterine fibroids and other causes.
Decoction of bark is useful in leucorrhoea.
Seeds are diuretic and prevent calculus deposition.
- Immunity system: it is applied as
a paste on cut wounds. It acts as an antiseptic.
Ashok – a healer of all female troubles.
It is general recommendation by the healers
to boil the bark with cow’s milk and take the
milk (after removing the bark). For taste, sugar
can be added. The healers suggest every female
native to take this milk once in a day, upto
three days, in every 3 months, as preventive
to gynaecological troubles. In case of menorrhagia,
the healers boil the bark in water and prepare
a decoction. In this decoction many other herbs
are added. This decoction is given every morning
(empty stomach) to the patients. Many healers
boil the bark in milk also. The decoction is
also used externally for washing. In case of
Leucorrhoea, the healers boil the bark in mixture
of milk and water. When water evaporates, the
combination is given to the patients.
The traditional healers of Bastar region informed
me that the aqueous paste of Sita Ashok flowers
and roots can be used for breast enlargement
Use of Ashok in arthritis and pain in joints
The bonesetters of Chhattisgarh use this
herb, like Arjun (Terminalia Arjun). The patients
having bone fracture are advised by the healers
to take Sita Ashok bark with water. Sometimes
it is given with Arjun bark. According to the
healers, the bark contains valuable natural
chemicals that help in quick reunion.
Many healers dip the bark whole night in bark
and next morning prepare a paste. This paste
is applied externally on injured bones in order
to hasten the healing process. According to
them, it is effective as well as good painkiller.
Fresh juice 10-20 ml
Capsule Ashok Chhal pure and concentrated
Dosage: one capsule twice daily.
Package size: 60 capsules.
- Dr.KM Nadkarni, The Indian Materia Medica,
Vol.I, pg 1104-1105
- Prof P.V Sharma, Dravya GunaVigyana, Vol
II, pg 617-619
- The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India, Part
I, Vol.I, pg 14