Abortificant: Induces the
premature abortion of the fetus.
Adaptogens: Herbs that help
us adapt to stress by supporting the adrenal
glands, the endocrine system, and the whole
Alterative: These herbs alter
or change a long-standing condition by aiding
the elimination of metabolic toxins improving
lymphatic circulation, boost immunity, and help
clear chronic conditions of the skin.
Amoebicidal: these are drugs
used for amoebic dysentery.
Analgesic or anodynes: These
herbs reduce or eliminate pain
Anaphrodisiac: Herbs that
decrease or allay sexual feelings or desires.
Anesthetics: For surgical
Antihelimintic: Herbs that
destroys and dispels worms, parasites, fungus,
Anodyne: Herbs that relieve
pain and reduces the sensitivity of the nerves.
Antacid: Neutralizes the acid
produced by the stomach.
Antibilious: Herb that combats
nausea, abdominal discomfort, headache, constipation,
and gas that is caused by an excessive secretion
of bile. (These symptoms are called biliousness.)
Antibiotic: Inhibits the growth
of germs and harmful microbes.
Antidiabetic: that which controls
blood sugar level
Anti diarrhea: drugs that control diarrhea (loose watery motions)
Antiemetic: Prevents or alleviates
nausea and vomiting.
Antiepileptic: Herb that control
convulsions or seizures of epilepsy.
Antilithic: Aids in preventing
the formation of stones in the kidneys and bladder.
Antiperiodic: Prevents the periodic
recurrence of attacks of a disease; as in malaria.
Antiphlogistic: Herb that counteracts
Antipyretic: herb that reduces
fever by destroying fever toxins and inducing
sweating to increase the loss of heat.
Antirheumatic: Herb that relieves
or cures rheumatism.
Antiscorbutic: Effective in the
prevention or treatment of scurvy.
Antiseptic: herbs that prevent
decay or putrefaction cause due to germs.
Antispasmodic: Relieves or prevents
muscle spasm or cramps
Antisyphilitic: Herbs that improve
or cure syphilis.
Antitussive: Prevents or improves
Antivenomous: Acts against poisonous
matter from animals.
Antizymotic: Herbs that destroy
Aperient. - A mild or gentle
Aphrodisiac: Restores or increases
sexual power and desire.
Appetizer: herbs that stimulate
Aromatic: Herb with a pleasant,
fragrant scent and a pungent taste.
Astringent: Causes a local contraction
of the skin, blood vessels, and other tissues,
thereby arresting the discharge of blood, mucus,
Balsam: The resin of a tree that
is healing and soothing.
Balsamic: a healing or soothing
Bitter: a solution of bitter
herbs that reduce toxins,
Calmative: Herbs that are soothing
Cardiac Stimulant: Herbs that
promote circulation when there is a weak heart.
Carminative: Herb that promotes
normal peristalsis, relieves spasms and pain
caused due to gas forming in the intestines,
and also assists in expelling it.
Cathartic: Causes evacuation
of the bowels.
Cholagogue: Herb that stimulates
the flow of bile from the liver into the intestines.
Decongestant: For relieving congestion
Demulcent: Soothes, protects,
and relieves the irritation of inflamed mucous
membranes and other surfaces.
Dentifrice: herbs used for cleaning
teeth and gums.
Deobstruent. - Removes obstructions
by opening the natural passages or pores of
Depurative: Tends to purify and
cleanse the blood.
Detergent: Cleanses boils, ulcers,
Diaphoretic: Promotes perspiration,
especially profuse perspiration. Promotes circulation;
dispels fever and chills; eliminates surface
Digestives: Assists the stomach
and intestines in normal digestion.
Discutient: Herb that dissolves
or causes something, such as a tumor, to disappear.
Disinfectant: Destroys disease
germs and prevent putrefaction
Diuretic: Promotes the production
and secretion of urine.
Drastic: A violent purgative.
Ecbolic: herbs that induce uterine
contraction and cause abortion
Emetic: herbs that causes vomiting.
Emmanogogue: Herb that brings
Emollient: A substance that is
usually used externally to soften and soothe
Esculent: Edible or fit for eating.
Exanthematous: exanthema refers
to any eruptive disease or fever. Herbs used
as a remedy for skin eruptions are Exanthematous
Exhilarant: Herbs that enliven
and cheer the mind.]
Expectorant: Promotes the thinning
and ejection of mucus from the lungs
Febrifuge (syn: antipyretic):
Reduces body temperature and fever.
Galactogogue: herbs that increases
breast milk secretion.
Germicide: Destroys germs and
Haemostatic: herbs that prevent
os stop bleeding
Hepatic: Promotes the well-being
of the liver and increases the secretion of
Hypnotic: Tends to produce sleep.
Laxative: Herb that acts to promote
evacuation of the bowels; a gentle cathartic.
Lithotriptic: Causing the dissolution
or destruction of stones in the bladder or kidneys.
Mucilaginous: Herbs that have
a soothing effect on inflamed mucous membranes.
Myotic: herbs that cause the
contraction of the pupil and diminution of ocular
Narcotic: An addicting substance
that reduces pain and produces sleep.]
Nauseant: Herbs that cause nausea
Nervine: A substance that calms
and soothes the nerves and reduces tension and
Opthalmicum: A remedy for diseases
of the eye.
Parturient: A substance that
induces and promotes labor.
Parturifacient: Herbs that induces
childbirth or labor.
Poultice: Plant material that
is prepared in a special way and applied to
the surface of the body as a remedy for certain
Purgative: A substance that promotes
the vigorous evacuation of the bowels.
Refrigerant: herbs that relieve
fever and thirst.
Relaxant: Tends to relax and
relieve tension, especially muscular tension.
Resolvent: Promotes the resolving
and removing of abnormal growths, such as a
Rubefacient: An agent that reddens
the skin by increasing the circulation when
rubbed on the surface.
Sedative: Herb that allays excitement,
induces relaxation, and is conducive to sleep.
Sialagogue: Promotes the flow
Soporific: Herbs that help to
Stimulant: Herb that increases
the activity or efficiency of a system or organ;
Stomachic: Herbs that give strength
and tone to the stomach, stimulate digestion,
and improve the appetite
Styptic: herbs that arrests hemorrhage
Tincture: A solution of the active
principal of an herb in alcohol.
Tonic: Herbs that restore and
strengthen the entire system. Produces and restores
Reiuvenative: Regenerates cells
and tissues; promotes longevity.
Vermicide: Herb that kills intestinal
Vermifuge: An agent that expels
intestinal worms or parasites.
Vesicant. - An agent that causes
blistering, such as poison ivy.
Vulnerary- a herb used in treating
fresh cuts and wounds, usually used as a paste.
Adenoids: Glands or lymphoid tissue in
the upper part of the throat behind the nose.
Adenoidectomy: The surgical removal of
enlarged adenoids to help prevent blockage of
the eustachian tubes and ear infections. This
is usually done as an outpatient procedure under
Allergen: A substance that your body perceives
as dangerous and causes an allergic reaction.
Allergic rhinitis: See Hay fever
Allergy: An exaggerated response to a substance
or condition produced by the release of histamine
or histamine-like substances in affected cells.
Allergy index: Measure (from 1-10) of allergy
sufferers who are affected by pollen in your
region. Since some types of pollen may be more
likely to cause allergies than others, a high
allergy index does not necessarily correspond
to a high pollen count.
Allergy shots: See Immunotherapy
Anaphylaxis: Severe, life-threatening allergic
response characterized by lowered blood pressure,
swelling, and hives.
Angioedema: Swelling similar to urticaria
(hives), but the swelling occurs beneath the
skin instead of on the surface. Angioedema is
characterized by deep swelling around the eyes
and lips and sometimes of the hands and feet.
Antibodies: Specialized proteins produced
by white blood cells that circulate in the blood.
Antibodies seek and attach to foreign proteins,
microorganisms, or toxins in order to neutralize
them. They are part of the immune system.
Antigen: A substance, usually a protein,
in which the body perceives as foreign.
Antihistamine: Medication that prevents
symptoms of congestion, sneezing, and itchy,
runny nose by blocking histamine receptors.
Anti-inflammatory: Type of medication that
reduces swelling and mucus production, particularly
Asthma: A disease of the branches of the
windpipe (bronchial tubes) that carry air in
and out of the lungs. Asthma causes the airways
to narrow, the lining of the airways to swell,
and the cells that line the airways to produce
more mucus. These changes make breathing difficult
and cause a feeling of not getting enough air
into the lungs.
Bronchodilators: Medications used to relax
the muscle bands that tighten around the airways
during an asthma episode. Bronchodilators also
help clear mucus from the lungs.
Conjunctivitis: Also called "pink
eye." Conjunctivitis is an inflammation
of the conjunctiva, the tissue that lines the
inside of the eyelid.
Dander, animal: Tiny scales shed from animal
skin or hair. Dander floats in the air, settles
on surfaces, and makes up much household dust.
Cat dander is a classic cause of allergic reactions.
Decongestant: Medication that shrinks swollen
nasal tissues to relieve symptoms of nasal swelling,
congestion, and mucus secretion.
Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either
due to direct contact with an irritating substance
or to an allergic reaction. Symptoms include
redness, itching, and sometimes blistering.
Drug allergy: Allergic reaction to a specific
medication. The most common cause of drug allergies
Dust mites: Microscopic insects that live
in household dust and are common allergens.
Dust mites live on dead skin cells and can be
found in large numbers in mattresses, pillows,
carpets, curtains, and furniture.
Elimination diet: A diet in which certain
foods are temporarily discontinued from the
diet to rule out the cause of allergy symptoms.
ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay):
Blood test used to identify the substances that
are causing your allergy symptoms and to estimate
a relative sensitivity.
Epinephrine: A form of adrenaline medication
used to treat severe allergic reactions, such
as anaphylactic shock or insect stings. It is
available in a self-injectable form or can be
injected by a healthcare provider.
Food allergy: Allergy that occurs when
the immune system responds defensively to a
specific food protein that is not harmful to
Hay fever: Allergic reaction caused by
the pollens of ragweed, grasses, and other plants
whose pollen is spread by the wind.
HEPA: High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA)
filter, which removes particles in the air by
forcing it through screens containing microscopic
Histamine: A naturally occurring substance
that is released by the immune system after
being exposed to an allergen. When you inhale
an allergen, mast cells located in the nose
and sinus membranes release histamine. Histamine
then attaches to receptors on nearby blood vessels,
causing them to enlarge (dilate). Histamine
also binds to other receptors located in nasal
tissues, causing redness, swelling, itching,
and changes in the secretions.
Hives: See Urticaria
Hypoallergenic: Products formulated to
contain the fewest possible allergens.
Immune system: The body's defense system
that protects us against infections and foreign
Immunotherapy: Also called allergy desensitization
or allergy shots; immunotherapy is given to
increase a person's tolerance to the substances
that provoke allergy symptoms (allergens). Allergy
shots reduce your sensitivity to certain substances
but do not cure allergies. They are usually
recommended for people who suffer from allergies
more than three months a year.
Latex: Also known as rubber or natural
latex. Latex is a milky fluid derived from the
rubber tree. It is used in a wide variety of
consumer products, including rubber gloves,
tubing, rubber bands, etc.
Latex allergy: An allergy that develops
after some sensitizing contact with latex.
Mast cell: A type of white cell that is
involved in the allergic reaction. These cells
release chemicals such as histamine.
Metered dose inhaler (MDI): Small aerosol
canister in a plastic container that releases
a burst of medication when pressed down from
the top. Many asthma medications are taken using
Mold: Parasitic, microscopic fungi that
float in the air like pollen. Mold is a common
trigger for allergies and can be found in damp
areas, such as basements or bathrooms, as well
as in grass, leaf piles, hay, mulch, or under
Mold count: See Pollen and mold count
Myringotomy: Outpatient procedure in which
small metal or plastic tubes are inserted through
the eardrum to equalize pressure between the
middle and outer ear.
Nasal endoscopy: A test that allows the
doctor to view the nasal cavity to detect polyps
or other abnormalities.
Nasal sprays: Medication used to prevent
nasal allergy symptoms. Available by prescription
or over-the-counter in decongestant, corticosteroid,
or salt-water solution form.
Otitis media: Bacterial or viral infection
of the middle ear (the space behind the eardrum).
Otolaryngologist: A doctor who specializes
in diagnosing and treating a variety of disorders
of the ear, nose, and throat.
Otoscope: A lighted instrument that lets
the doctor see far down into the outer ear canal.
Pneumatic otoscope: An instrument that
blows a puff of air into the ear canal to test
Pollen: A fine, powdery substance released
by plants and trees.
Pollen and mold counts: A measure of the
amount of allergens in the air. The counts are
usually reported for mold spores and three types
of pollen: grasses, trees, and weeds. The count
is reported as grains per cubic meter of air
and is translated into a corresponding level:
absent, low, medium, or high.
Pulmonary function test: A test that measures
how much air is in the lungs and how forcefully
this air can be exhaled (lung function).
RAST (radioallergosorbent test): Blood
test used to identify the substances that are
causing your allergy symptoms and to estimate
a relative sensitivity.
Sinusitis: Inflammation of the sinuses
caused by bacterial infection. Acute sinusitis
is the sudden onset of symptoms that can be
treated with antibiotics and decongestants.
Chronic sinusitis is characterized by at least
four recurrences of sinusitis or infection that
last 12 weeks or longer.
Tympanometry: A test in which sound and
air pressure are used to check for fluid in
the middle ear.
Urticaria (hives): Itchy, swollen, red
bumps or patches on the skin that appear suddenly
as a result of the body's adverse reaction to
certain allergens. They can appear anywhere
on the body including the face, lips, tongue,
throat, or ears. Hives vary in size and can
last for minutes or days.
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